London tube map
"The tube map is something we all take for granted and rarely consider its origins. Ever wondered who came up with the seamless (but maybe not geographically accurate) design? Well, it was a chap called Harry Beck who was hired to redesign the map in 1931. Some could compare Beck’s approach to the London Underground to Steve Jobs’ vision of computers: ‘what do people need and how do we make it simple?’ as he ditched the curved lines and natural bends and implemented a simple grid-like system making the map easier to read. His first design (above) was rejected leading him to design a map very similar to the one we now know and love. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. The London Transport Museum is hosting a season of talks and events discussing the evolution of the tube map, contemporary art, a Piccadilly Line walking tour and much more. Be sure to check out the exhibition and to book quickly so you don’t miss out." Carly-Ann Clements, Time Out

The architecture of Barbara Kruger

The artist Barbara Kruger is known for appropriations of pop culture imagery emblazoned with aggressive texts.  The statements in her texts, such as I SHOP THEREFORE I AM and YOUR BODY IS A BATTLEGROUND put against a backdrop of imagery culled from advertising and magazines, implicate the viewer in the struggle for power and control. Her work confronts the notion of individual autonomy and desire in a capitalist consumer society.  This post revisits some of her billboard interventions in various cities around the world.

"While Barbara Kruger is of course not an ‘architect’ in the sense of one who makes buildings, many of her works can be read to take on the presence of architecture, including many large public projects as well as room-sized gallery/museum installations and outdoor billboard/bus/etc. pieces. Her architectural sensibility is expressed in the programmatic planning and design of physical space; in this case the creation and transformation of disparate spaces with elements we have come to accept as ‘art.’ Instead of brick and mortar, Kruger builds with photomontages and slogan-cum-wallcovering text. 

Kruger uses the greater world as her gallery. Never limited to showing in the ‘official’ venues for art, she shows her work on the cover of Newsweek, in the subways, on buses and buildings— even on t-shirts and matchbooks. So, then, her gallery installations are almost the exception to her ‘public’ style. By bombarding viewers with imagery she brings the in-your-face attitude of the street inside.” - courtesy of J.D. Welch

Barbara Kruger, “We Don’t Need Another Hero”, 1986, Billboard project in Berkeley California

Barbara Kruger, “Untitled (We don’t need another hero)”, 1988-89, 86 Street at West 7 Street, Brooklyn

Barbara Kruger, “Untitled (Your body is a battleground),” 1990, Billboard commissioned by the Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio, for its “New Works for New Spaces: Into the Nineties” exhibition

Barbara Kruger, “Don’t be a Jerk”, 1996, Billboard across the intersection at the site of present Federation Square